Ancient coptic manuscript dating from
National Geographic collaborated with the Waitt Institute for Historical Discovery, the Maecenas Foundation for Ancient Art, and scientific experts, historians, and theologians from around the world to authenticate, reconstruct, conserve, and translate these extraordinary documents, and explore their significance.
The author of the Gospel of Judas remains anonymous. Different groups of Christians in the second century appealed to different writings to authenticate their distinctive beliefs and practices.
When he [approached] his disciples,  gathered together and seated and offering a prayer of thanksgiving over the bread, [he] laughed. Your god who is within you and   have provoked you to anger [within] your souls.
[Let] any one of you who is [strong enough] among human beings bring out the perfect human and stand before my face." "Step away from the others and I shall tell you the mysteries of the kingdom.
Codex Tchacos is named after Dimaratos Tchacos, father of Zrich-based antiquities dealer The codex contains not only the Gospel of Judas, but also a text titled James (otherwise known as the First Apocalypse of James), the Letter of Peter to Philip, and a fragment of a text that scholars are provisionally calling Book of Allogenes.National Geographic realizes that the information provided by this document is complex and deserves a great deal of further study and assessment, a process that will take time.The document changed hands a number of times following its discovery.The original Greek text of the gospel, of which this is a Coptic translation, is thought to have been written by a group of early gnostic Christians sometime between when the New Testament Gospels of Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John were penned and A. Numerous gospels appeared, often written in the names of the Apostles; these pseudonymous writings were revered as scripture by one group or another, although eventually most of them came to be labeled as "heretical" and proscribed by orthodox Christianity in later times.This is a dramatic archaeological discovery of cultural interest, which offers an alternate portrayal from the first or second century of the relationship between Jesus and Judas, and enhances our knowledge of history and preservation of theological viewpoints from that period.
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Rodolphe Kasser, of Switzerland, one of the world's preeminent Coptic scholars, was recruited to restore the text, transcribe it, and translate the manuscript, which contains not only the Gospel of Judas, but also a text called James, the Letter of Peter to Philip, and a fragment of a text that scholars are provisionally calling Book of Allogenes.